Connect with us

     

Translate the Site

You are here

Home » Tribal Gaming » Gaming Compacts

Gaming Compacts

The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), passed by Congress in 1988, requires states to negotiate gaming compacts in good faith to allow tribes to offer casino-style gaming if it is allowed in the state.

Under Washington state law, our director is delegated the responsibility of negotiating Class III gaming compacts. All 29 federally recognized tribes in Washington have a gaming compact.

Summary of Gaming Compacts and Amendments

Tribe

Compact Signed by Governor

Amendments Signed by the Governor or Pending Approval

Casino Opened

Casino Phase II Opened

TLS Phase II Approved

Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

2nd = number not used.

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment

6/10/1995

Lucky Eagle Casino

01/12/1996

02/21/2002

Confederated Tribes of the  Colville Reservation

08/22/2002

07/27/2004 - Compact became effective. Appendix X included in original compact

Tribe may operate up to 3 casinos, 25 miles apart / after 3 years up to 3 satellite casinos (100 machines only).  Total of 4,800 maximum machines for all facilities / 2,000 maximum for each facility.  Includes Appendix Colville (aka Appendix Y)

03/30/2007 -  1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

Opened without a compact - 6/1/94

Opened under Compact provisions - 7/27/2004

Mill Bay

Coulee Dam

12 Tribes

Opened at

Phase II limits

Opened at

maximum

allowable limits

Cowlitz Indian Tribe

06/16/2014

Compact includes Appendices X2 and Y.

04/08/2015 -  1st  = Appendix X2 Amendment

4/24/2017

ilani Casino Resort

07/15/2018

07/15/2018

Hoh Tribe

05/25/1995

02/25/1999 -1st= Appendix X -tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 -  2nd  = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

N/A

N/A

Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe

02/19/1993 – Superseded

07/28/2017

01/26/1995 - 1st= Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored

Nation clause – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

10/04/1996 - 2nd = Appendix C - OTB – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

11/23/1998 - 3rd =  Appendix X - tribal lottery system – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2 – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

07/28/2017 - 6th = Complete Compact

2/4/1995 (7 Cedars Casino)

09/14/1995

Not requested by Tribe

Kalispel Tribe

10/20/1998

02/25/1999 -1st= Appendix X -tribal lottery system

01/24/2005 - MOI = Increased hours – SUPERSEDED By 2nd AMENDMENT

03/30/2007 -  2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  3rd  = Appendix X2 Amendment

06/01/2018 - MOI = Second Facility

12/28/2000 (Northern Quest Casino)

07/12/2001

12/28/2001

Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe

12/21/1992

06/09/1995 -1st= Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored

Nation clause

02/25/1999 -  2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system 3rd, 4th, and 5th  = number not used.

03/30/2007 -  6th  = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  7th  = Appendix X2 Amendment

Class II Casino Only

(Elwha River Casino)

N/A

N/A

Lummi Nation

09/21/1995

12/04/2000 -1st= Appendix X -tribal lottery system

05/31/2006 -  MOI = Clarify age limit

03/30/2007 -  2nd = Appendix X2

02/17/2014 -  3rd = Clarify gaming facility definition

04/08/2015 -  4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

Opened 12/1991 (Lummi Casino)

Closed 8/25/1997

 

Re-opened 4/9/2002 (Silver Reef Casino)

09/12/1996

02/01/2004

Makah Tribe

05/17/2000

Appendix X was included with the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

N/A

N/A

Muckleshoot  Indian Tribe

02/19/1993

05/04/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, OTB operating hours, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

01/16/2002 - 3rd = Second Facility, more hours and table games.

01/08/2003 - MOI = Appendix Y, 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for the two facilities)

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

4/28/1995

(Muckleshoot Indian Casino)

 

Opened 8/31/2006

(Muckleshoot Casino II)

11/17/1995

03/16/2000

Nisqually Indian Tribe

05/25/1995

02/12/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

12/09/2005 - MOI increased hours – SUPERSEDED BY 2nd AMENDMENT

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/2/1997 (Red Wind)

12/19/2005 - Closed original facility

12/23/2005 - Opened new facility

03/09/2001

12/14/2004

Nooksack Indian Tribe

10/28/1991

04/26/1994 - 1st = Appendix B deleted, keno & jackpot poker added, larger gaming floor; hours of operation, ownership, conditional certifications, increase in state cert. fees, monitoring by TGA, conditional certifications, criminal prosecution jurisdiction, consent to state law, check $ limit removed, "security personnel" added to definition of gaming employee

01/26/1995 - 2nd = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

09/14/2005 - 4th = Appendix Y, Appendix C, additional facility, additional hours and tables

03/30/2007 - 5th = Appendix X2

Opened 4/16/1993

(Nooksack River Casino)

Closed 12/10/2015

11/17/1995

08/16/2005

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe

01/27/1995

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

02/26/2004 - 2nd = Additional hours, Tribal Council to approve 2% awards, Tribe performs primary licensing and state performs background checks, clarify age limit, amendment simplification process

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

2/14/2002 (The Point Casino)

10/10/2002

08/23/2004

Puyallup Tribe of Indians

05/28/1996

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

05/19/2002 - 2nd = Additional facility, more hours and table games

06/29/2004 - MOI = Appendix Y, 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for 2 facilities)

11/16/2004 - 3rd = One of the two facilities may operate on fee land for up to six years, pending transfer of fee land into trust.

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

10/30/2017 - 5th = Gaming facility owned by Tribe or tribally-chartered entities, Appendix X2 Amendment

12/27/1996 (Emerald Queen Casino Boat) Closed 12/13/2004

 

Opened 7/13/2002 (Emerald Queen Casino I-5, Tacoma)

 

Opened 12/13/2004 (Emerald Queen Hotel & Casino, Fife)

11/14/1997

06/05/2000

Quileute Tribe

07/27/1993

06/09/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

02/25/1999 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

N/A

N/A

Quinault Indian Nation

07/09/1996

02/25/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

08/22/2002 - 2nd = Second Facility & additional hours & tables

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/22/2000 (Quinault Beach Resort)

02/08/2001

12/01/2000

Samish Nation

04/18/2000

Appendix X included in the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

N/A

N/A

Sauk-Suiattle Tribe

04/18/2000

Appendix X included with the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

N/A

N/A

Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe

08/22/2002

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

Operated prior to Compact;

Opened under Compact provisions - 10/26/03

Class II Casino Only

5/01/2017 (Shoalwater Bay Casino)

Not requested by Tribe

N/A

Skokomish Indian Tribe

05/25/1995

02/12/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

03/28/2016 - 4th = Second Facility, updated Indian Lands and added Gaming definitions, Gaming Facility owned by Tribe or Tribe’s enterprise corporation, annual problem gambling reporting

8/11/2001 (Lucky Dog Casino)

Not requested by Tribe

Not requested by Tribe

Snoqualmie Indian Tribe

02/11/2002

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

06/14/2008 - 2nd = Second Facility, open at higher limits

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

11/06/08

(Snoqualmie Casino)

04/08/2010

04/08/2010

Spokane Tribe

04/30/2007

Compact includes Appendix Spokane and Appendix Y.

09/19/2008 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

Operated prior to Compact;

Opened under Compact provisions 08/01/08 (Chewelah Casino)

(Two Rivers)-possible seasonal closures

N/A

N/A

Squaxin Island Tribe

07/27/1993

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

08/11/2007 - MOI = Appendix Y

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

06/05/2017 - 5th = Second Facility, updated Indian land and added Gaming and Gaming Promotions definitions, Gaming Facility owned by Tribe or tribally chartered entities, annual problem gambling reporting, clarifies age limit, adds eligibility to individual background options.

9/22/1995 (Little Creek Casino)

06/14/1996

10/01/2003

Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians

12/04/2000

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

10/28/2004 (Angel of the Winds Casino)

08/11/2005

12/14/2005

Suquamish Tribe 

01/26/1995

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

12/31/1995 (Clearwater Casino)

 

 7/7/2003 – Closed original facility

7/8/2003 – Opened new facility

08/09/1996

06/03/2002

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community  

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

10/26/1996 - 2nd = OTB

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

05/01/2014 - 5th = Clarifies age limit.

04/08/2015 - 6th = Appendix X2 Amendment

7/15/1994 (Northern Lights Casino)

04/13/1995

Not requested by Tribe

Tulalip Tribes of Washington 

08/02/1991

05/29/1992 - 1st = consent to application of state law (incorporated Appendix B into compact)

09/21/1993 - 2nd = # of gaming stations, charitable table, wager limits, hours of operation -SUPERSEDED BY 3rd AMENDMENT

12/26/1994 - 3rd = Appendix C (OTB), submit house rules, lottery games, relocation of facility, size of gaming floor, hours of operation, community contribution, renegotiations (incorporated into compact)

11/25/1998 - 4th = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

06/07/2002 - 5th = Additional facility, more hours and table games

01/11/2003 - 6th = (MOI)Appendix Y, Authorized 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for two facilities)

03/30/2007 - 7th = Appendix X2

07/31/2009 - 8th = Clarify financier licensing, add conditional certification, clarify dispute resolution process.

04/08/2015 - 9th = Appendix X2 Amendment

7/19/1992 (Tulalip Casino)

6/2003 – Closed original facility

6/4/2003 – Opened new facility

10/28/2004 (Quil Ceda Creek Casino)

01/12/1996

07/12/2000

Upper Skagit Indian Tribe

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

2nd = number not used.

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment

12/17/1995 (Skagit Valley Casino Resort)

06/14/1996

05/26/2000

Yakama Nation

06/09/1996

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/15/1998 (Legends Casino)

12/31/1998

8/14/2002

 

Appendix X authorized the tribes to operate electronic gaming devices using, known as the “Tribal Lottery System” (TLS).

  • The devices used electronic scratch tickets (with a finite number of tickets and a pre-determined number of winning tickets) or on-line lottery tickets.
  • Each tribe had an allocation of 675 player terminals and could operate up to 1,500 at a facility by leasing player terminals from other tribes.
  • The maximum wager amount was $5.00 and cash was not allowed in or out of the player terminals.

Appendix X2 authorized a number of changes to the TLS.

  • Each tribe’s allocation of player terminals increased to 975.
  • The maximum number of player terminals increased to 2,500 per facility, except for Muckleshoot, Tulalip and Puyallup. These three tribes had a maximum of 3,500 player terminals, increasing to 4,000 after three years. These tribes are authorized to have up to 2,500 player terminals per facility.
  • Wagers of up to $20 are authorized at 15% of the player terminals operated.

Appendix X2 Amendment authorized a number of changes.

  • Tribes ensure all cash dispensing outlets and point of sale machines within its gaming facilities do not accept electronic benefits cards.
  • Each Tribe’s allocation of player terminals increased 1,075. The maximum number of machines allowed at a facility did not change.
  • Annual regulatory fees for each Tribe’s gaming activities shall be determined according to the State’s current cost allocation model, eliminates the 10% pre-payment discount, credit, and alternative regulatory fee agreement options, the State provides 90 days’ notice when changing the cost allocation model, the State shall provide an audited accounting of its actual costs by April 30th of the following year.
  • Each Tribe’s annual contributions towards problem gambling and smoking cessation services established in Appendix X2 shall be paid within one year of the close of the Tribe’s fiscal year to match other required contribution timeframes.
  • Each Tribe may increase its allocation by 50 player terminals, but only if the following conditions are met:
  • A Tribe provides the State with written notice that there are 500 or fewer player terminals available for lease among all Tribes participating in the Tribal Lottery System, along with a certification from an independent accounting firm confirming the number of machines available.
  • Within 30 days, the State reviews the certification and verifies the player terminals available for lease in the state. Any allocation change would be effective 30 days after notification by the State to the Tribe.
  • This allocation is limited to one (1) per twelve (12) month period. However, if any Washington Tribe will operate more than 1,075 player terminals upon opening a new gaming facility, a Tribe can notify the State, and with State concurrence, receive an additional 50 player terminal increase within the twelve month period.
  • When a Tribe receives an increase under this section, any other compacted Washington Tribe shall receive the same increase.